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Sunscreen, White Companions

Sunscreen is one of the protective skin from the effects of sunlight. Sunlight is good for health because it can stimulate the body to produce vitamin D. But on the other hand, if exposed to sunlight (ultraviolet light A or B) for too long and without protection, the consequences can be bad for the color and health of your skin. The skin will burn and turn black if the ultraviolet rays are too long and without protection. Not only a matter of beauty, sunlight can also increase the risk of experiencing skin cancer. One way to avoid the bad effects of sunlight is to use the right sunscreen. Therefore, it is important to use the right sunblock. With sunscreen, the skin will be protected from the dangers of ultraviolet rays that can trigger the production of melanin, the skin color-determining pigment, which makes the skin dark.

Guide to Choosing the Right Sunscreen

Sunscreen protects you from harmful ultraviolet rays in two ways. There is sunscreen that works by reflecting UV rays so they are not exposed to the skin. Some work by absorbing UV light before it hits your skin. Previously, we only focused on finding a high content of sun protection factor (SPF) when looking for sunscreen. Because SPF serves to protect the skin from the dangers of ultraviolet B (UVB), namely sunburn, blackening, and skin cancer. But recent research has revealed that ultraviolet A (UVA) light can also increase the risk of skin cancer and cause wrinkles, although it cannot make skin burn. So that you get maximum protection, it is recommended to choose a sunscreen that has the following ingredients:
  • Choose sunscreen with an SPF level of 15 or more. These levels indicate how effective sunscreen prevents your skin from burning from UVB rays. For example, if your skin will burn within 10 minutes. Then an SPF 15 sunscreen can protect your skin for 150 minutes before it burns and eventually turns black. For some people, wearing an SPF 15 sunscreen is enough. Higher SPF levels are only for those who have very white skin, or have conditions such as a history of skin cancer or lupus.
  • Comparing SPF 15 and SPF 30 sunblock, you might consider SPF 30 sunblock to have a double benefit. Yet the reality is not like that. SPF 30 sunscreens can only ward off UVB rays as much as 97 percent, four percent higher than SPF 15.
  • Choose sunscreen that protects you from UVB and UVA rays or multi-spectrum protection. Your skin can be protected from these two rays with ingredients such as ecamsule, zinc oxide, avobenzone, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, or sulisobenzon. Choose sunscreen that contains at least these ingredients.

How to Use Sunscreen Correctly

Sunscreen is used every time you leave the house, especially at 10:00 until 14:00. The weather has no effect. Use it well in hot or cloudy weather conditions. Apparently, when cloudy the danger of UV rays can still penetrate the clouds. For sunscreen to work perfectly, follow the steps below.
  • Apply sunscreen 15 minutes or 30 minutes before doing activities in the sun. Apply about 2 tablespoons of sunscreen to the entire body and 2 teaspoons of sunscreen on the face. Many people who use sunscreen do not fit the right dose, which makes them lose many benefits.
  • Make sure the sunscreen is evenly distributed throughout the body including the legs, back of the feet, ears and head (if your head is bald). Not only that, also use a lip balm that can protect you from UV rays on the lips.
  • Use repeatedly. You have to reapply sunscreen every two hours. Use it more often if you sweat or swim.
  • Before doing the methods above, check the expiration date of the sunscreen on the packaging. Usually sunscreen is safe to use up to three years from the date of production.

Sunscreen according to the type and condition of your skin

In addition to the above methods, the use of sunscreen must also be adapted to the condition of your skin in general.
  • Dry skin

  • For this skin type it is recommended to choose a sunscreen in the form of a cream, ointment, or lotion. Also choose sunscreens that can moisturize your skin such as sunscreens that contain oil, lanolin, or dimethicone.
  • Oily skin

  • To prevent your skin from becoming greasy, choose oil-free or oil-free sunscreens. You can also choose products made from alcohol or gel.
  • Sensitive skin

  • Sunscreens that contain preservatives and fragrances are recommended to be avoided if you have sensitive skin types. In addition, also avoid sunblock made from PABA. Sensitive skin owners are also advised to choose a labeled sunscreen. If your skin has acne, avoid sunscreens that are oily creams, because they can worsen the condition of acne. Better to choose a sunscreen in the form of gel containing alcohol. But please note that alcohol content should be avoided if you have sensitive skin and rosacea.
  • Furry skin

  • Avoid cream-shaped sunscreen because it can stick to fine hair on the skin. It is recommended to choose a gel or spray (spray).
  • Dark skin

  • Use sunscreen with SPF 15. Avoid sunscreen made from titanium dioxide because it can make the skin look pale. But there is sunscreen with the latest technology that can make it blend with skin color.
For children, choose sunscreen that is easy to apply, such as spray-shaped sunscreens, with colors that attract attention. But when you want to apply to the face, spray it into the palm of your hand first before rubbed into their faces. Children's skin is very sensitive, so avoid sunblock made from PABA and oxybenzone. Choose sunscreen for children made from zinc oxide and titanium dioxide and SPF content of 15 or higher. Sunscreens should not be used on babies six months and under, because basically they are not allowed to be exposed to the sun for too long. If you like sports. Choose a gel-shaped sunscreen because it can stick when you sweat. But if you wipe it, you have to reapply it. That also applies if you swim and wear sunscreen with waterproof or water-proof labels. According to research, there is no water-proof sunscreen. Usually they only stay in the water for about 40 to 80 minutes. After that you have to apply sunscreen again. No matter how good or thick your sunscreen is, it cannot fully protect you from the sting of ultraviolet light. The skin can still potentially become darker, burn, and even get skin cancer. Therefore, using sunscreen must be equipped with other protection, such as wearing sunglasses, wide-brimmed hats, using umbrellas, or long clothes.


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