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Choosing a Headache Medication According to the Type and Symptoms

Headache medicine can indeed be a solution to relieve pain and disrupt the head. Pain relievers, including over-the-counter medicines, are often the choice for treating headaches. However, the consumption of these drugs must still be done carefully. In addition to using headache medication, living a healthier lifestyle and avoiding triggering factors, can prevent headaches from recurring. The thing to remember, headache medicine for each person is different depending on the type and cause. So it is necessary to consult a doctor for administering the right medicine.

Taking the Right Medication for Headaches

Headache medication consumption can be done based on the type of headache suffered.
  • Tension headache

  • This is the most common headache. People who experience tension headaches usually feel pain in the head, back of the eyes, forehead and neck. To overcome this type of headache, pain relievers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, and aspirin can be a solution. In particular, aspirin cannot be given to those under the age of 19 because it is more at risk of causing side effects. If you feel you need to take headaches more often, consult your doctor.
  • Migraine headaches

  • In addition to pain, migraines can also be accompanied by symptoms of nausea and are sensitive to sound and light. This accompanying symptom of migraine is called aura. Pain relievers such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, and aspirin can be used as migraine headaches. If these over-the-counter medications do not reduce migraine headaches, you may need additional prescription drugs, such as triptans and ergotamine. It's just triptan class of drugs can cause some side effects, including dry mouth, drowsiness, muscle weakness, redness of the face, nausea, chest tightness, and tingling. As for ergotamine drugs, side effects can include spinning dizziness or vertigo, nausea or vomiting, palpitations, tingling, cramps or muscle aches. To avoid the side effects of the two drugs, it is advisable to consult a doctor before taking them.
  • Cluster headaches

  • Cluster headache is a headache characterized by severe pain around one eye or one side of the head, sometimes it can be accompanied by red and watery eyes on the side of the head that hurts. The pain from this type of headache can make you wake up in the middle of the night. Cluster headache medication can be given by inhaling oxygen with an oxygen mask. In addition, injections of triptan, octreotide, and ergotamine can be used. There are also lidocaine and capsaicin nasal sprays. However, capsaicin can cause side effects such as nasal irritation. These medicines need to be given according to doctor's recommendations. For the treatment of chronic cluster headaches that often recur, calcium channel blocker drugs can be given which are generally used as a treatment for hypertension. Certain lithium medications and antidepressants can also be used as medicines to prevent headaches. Consult with your doctor to get the right dose of headache medicine.

Additional Care at Home

In addition to taking headache medication based on the type of headache suffered, you can also do simple things at home so that the headaches that are felt can subside.
  • Take a warm shower

  • Try to take a shower using warm water. With a warm shower, muscle tension can be reduced and makes you more relaxed so that it can relieve headaches experienced.
  • Gently massage

  • Try giving a gentle massage to the temples, head, neck, back and shoulders. Gentle massage can also reduce muscle tension that causes headaches to appear.
  • Relaxation Therapy

  • Relax for a moment with breathing exercises while listening to music that you like, can reduce stress and help overcome headaches. You can also try yoga and meditation.
  • Break

  • It is important to take a break from various activities, when feeling headaches. Turn off the lights and try to sleep for a while. With sleep, headaches may be overcome.

Beware of Dangerous Headaches

Simple treatment and headache medicine can indeed be a solution to overcome the headaches suffered. However, you need to be aware of headaches accompanied by other symptoms such as:
  • Fever
  • Convulsions
  • Nauseous vomit
  • Fainting or loss of consciousness
  • Weakness of limbs
  • Stiff neck
  • Jaw pain when chewing
  • Vision loss
  • Headaches are triggered by certain activities such as sports and sex
  • Severe headaches until you wake up during sleep
Headaches accompanied by the symptoms above are headache conditions that need to be immediately examined and treated by a doctor. Headache medicine accompanied by additional treatment at home, can be a solution to relieve pain. However, watch out for headaches that don't heal or cause unbearable pain. Immediately consult a doctor to find out the illness.


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